A grammar of the Turkish language

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  1. ISBN 13: 9781440065989
  2. Turkish Grammar - 17 Lessons
  3. A Practical Grammar of the Turkish Language (as Spoken and Written): With Exercises for ...

Both beginners and advanced learners of Turkish language will be helped in their studies.

ISBN 13: 9781440065989

All the learning material is online and free. Methodology - Practice Several innovative online educational methods have been implemented throughout the website. You can practise your Turkish language skills, watching videos, listening to songs, reading rss feeds and news from carefully selected sources.


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The teaching approach is student oriented, trying to help the student comprehend and learn rather than strictly examine skills already achieved. The website is mobile friendly. You can have access to all the content even from a small Smartphone or Tablet screen. Depending on your device, you can navigate the website using the Menu or the Table of Contents.

Turkish Grammar - 17 Lessons

It is spoken mainly in Turkey and the surrounding regions and has about 70 million native-speakers world-wide. It has borrowed heavily from Persian, Arabic and French. A most significant change in the language happened in It was in this year that the Ottoman script, a version of the Arabic alphabet, was replaced by the Latin alphabet that is used by English and most of the western languages.

At the same time the Turkish Language Association was set up, one of whose tasks was to replace words of Arabic and Persian origin with Turkish equivalents. Turkish is an agglutinative language. This means that endings are added one by one to the root of a word to produce the desired meaning.


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  • So an English verb phrase such as You should not have to go would be expressed in Turkish as a single word with go as the root. Alphabet : The Turkish alphabet consists of 29 letters. There are 8 vowels and 21 consonants. The English alphabet and writing system cause Turkish students no particular problems.

    A Practical Grammar of the Turkish Language (as Spoken and Written): With Exercises for ...

    Phonology : A feature of Turkish is vowel harmony. This means that all the vowels in a word have to be of the same general type vowels produced at the front of the mouth or vowels produced at the back of the mouth.

    Turkish Grammar: 4-way Vowel Harmony

    English does not have this feature, and the randomness of vowel sounds in polysyllabic words can be a problem for Turkish speakers. Consonant clusters 3 or more consonants together are rare in Turkish, so learners often stumble over words such as strength or split. The nature of oral English, in which fully-stressed single syllables are given the same duration as two or more unstressed syllables is difficult for Turkish learners.


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    Turkish words are generally stressed on the final or penultimate syllable. They need practice, therefore, in producing the expected intonation patterns of everyday spoken English. However, there are differences that may result in interference mistakes.